First Christmas Card by Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley
Reputedly the first Christmas card, this was designed by Horsley in 1843, and a coloured version sent out by Sir Henry Cole in 1846.
Commissioned by Sir Henry Cole and illustrated by John Callcott Horsley in London on 1 May 1843. The central picture shows three generations of a family raising a toast to the card's recipient: on either side are charity scenes including food and clothing being given to the poor. Allegedly the image of the family drinking wine together proved controversial, but the idea was shrewd: Cole had helped introduce the Penny Post three years earlier. Two batches totaling 2, 050 cards were printed and sold that year for a shilling each, and of those just a dozen are known to have survived.
We are offering reproduction prints of the original design. In 2001 an original version sold for a record 22, 500 pounds sterling at auction in Devizes, Wiltshire, England. After attracting bids from collectors in Britain and America, it eventually sold for the record-breaking price.
The auctioned card was especially sought after because it was sent by Sir Henry to his grandmother and aunt, and signed by the great Victorian.
John Callcott Horsley was an English painter, illustrator, and designer. Born in London on 29 January 1817, he was the grand-nephew of the English landscape painter Sir Augustus Callcott. His sister, Mary Elizabeth Horsley, was the wife of the famous British engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
Horsley studied painting at the Royal Academy where he met the painter Thomas Webster. His paintings were largely of historical subjects set in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, influenced by the Dutch masters Pieter de Hooch and Vermeer. From 1875 to 1897, Horsley was a rector and treasurer of the Royal Academy. Because he was strictly against nude models he earned the nickname "Clothes-Horsley".
Cole is credited with devising the concept of sending greeting cards at Christmas time.
© Mary Evans Picture Library
Ballista quadrirotis. Carroballista. Roman siege
Ballista quadrirotis. Carroballista. Roman siege machine four wheeled mounted on cart of horses. Illustration in 'De rebus bellicis', treatise of war machinery of 4th-5th century. Version compiled in 'Orbis Terrarum Descriptio', s. XV. Gothic art. Miniature Painting. SPAIN. MADRID (AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY). Madrid. National Library.
© M.C.Esteban/Iberfoto/Mary Evans
Autumn Manoeuvres, by Henry Hamilton
Autumn Manoeuvres, by Henry Hamilton, adapted from the German version, Herbstmanoever (Vienna, 1909), in turn based on the Hungarian version, Tartarjaras (Budapest, February 1908). With music by Emmerich Kalman. English version first produced at the Adelphi Theatre, London, March 1912. Showing the comedy characters Lady Larkins and Captain Withers, in a production for George Dance's Company. Date: circa 1912
© The Michael Diamond Collection / Mary Evans Picture Library