The Battle of Pacocha'; Action between HMS 'Shah' and 'Ameth
Engraving showing the battle between HMS 'Shah' and 'Amethyst' and the Peruvian Ironclad turret ship 'Huascar' on the 29th May 1877. The 'Huascar' had been taken over by some Peruvian revolutionaries and declared a 'pirate' by the Peruvian government. The 'Shah' and 'Amethyst' were ordered to protect British Merchant Shipping and after the 'Huascar' had stopped several British merchant ships, the Royal Navy decided to hunt down the 'Huascar'. In the action depicted, the 70 guns of the British ships were unable to do much damage to the 'Huascar' as she was an heavily-built ironclad. In return the gunnery crew of the 'Huascar' was not well drilled enough to hit the British ships much. In desperation the 'Shah' launched a Whitehead torpedo at the 'Huascar', but the Peruvian ship was able to dodge it with some ease. The battle became a stalemate and the two sides slipped away after the fall of darkness. Reputedly this was the last action by a wooden warship, firing a broadside of muzzle-loading guns and the first use of a torpedo in anger.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans
Crown Devon china mug with flags of the Allies
'Crown Devon (S. Fielding & Co., Stoke on Trent) china mug. Transfer shows Britannia and the flags of the Allies with a Dove of Peace and the words 'Liberty, Justice, Truth, Honour.' Transfer on the other side reads - Sir David Beatty's Historic Signal - 'The German flag is to be hauled down at Sunset today, and is not to be hoisted again with permission.'War Declared against Germany, August 4th 1914. General Armistice signed Nov. 11th 1918. Peace Signed June 28th 1919. Commemorative Ware'
© David Cohen Fine Art/Mary Evans Picture Library
Italian declaration of war, Rome, Italy, WW1
A huge crowd outside the Royal Palace (Quirinal Palace, Rome), cheering the Queen of Italy and the Princess on the day Italy declared war. (Italy declared war on four different occasions in 1915, firstly on Austria-Hungary, then on Turkey, then Germany, then Bulgaria.) Date: 1915
© Imperial War Museum/Robert Hunt Library/Mary Evans
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