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Universal Collection (#7)

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dredging machine used on the River Thames

Dredging machine used on the River Thames to deepen the channel. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey Jr

Background imageUniversal Collection: Hydraulics systems including floating, hydromancy

Hydraulics systems including floating, hydromancy
Hydraulics systems including floating action 1, 2, hydromancy or water divination 3, 4, and Archimedes solution to the problem of Hieros crown 5

Background imageUniversal Collection: Clarks hydrometer and other types

Clarks hydrometer and other types
Types of hydrometers, 18th century, by Clark 2, 3, John Theophilus Desaguliers 4, Jean-Andre De Luc 5, and William Nicholson 6

Background imageUniversal Collection: Types of hygrometers, 18th century, to measure

Types of hygrometers, 18th century, to measure moisture content by Anderson 8, Dr. Robert Hooke 9, 10, Dr. Hale 11, James Ferguson 12, 13

Background imageUniversal Collection: Types of hygrometers, 18th century

Types of hygrometers, 18th century, to measure moisture content. Jean-Andre De Lucs whalebone hygrometer, and others by Horace-Benedict de Saussure, Benjamin Meggot Forster

Background imageUniversal Collection: Types of hydraulics systems and pumps

Types of hydraulics systems and pumps: Persian wheel or sakia, Tantalus or Pythagorean cup, Ctesibiuss ancient pump, and sucking, forcing, lifting and chain pumps

Background imageUniversal Collection: Captain Jekylls improved ship pump and Benjamin

Captain Jekylls improved ship pump and Benjamin
Hydraulic pumps including Captain Jekylls improved ship pump and Benjamin Martins pump. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: The Sipho Wirtembergicus and Archimedes screw

The Sipho Wirtembergicus and Archimedes screw
Examples of hydraulic siphons including natural springs, waves, syringe, rope pump, the Duke of Wirtembergs siphon or the Sipho Wirtembergicus and Archimedes screw

Background imageUniversal Collection: John Smeatons hammer mill at Kilnhurst Forge

John Smeatons hammer mill at Kilnhurst Forge
John Smeatons design for the hammer mill at Kilnhurst Forge, Rotherham, 1765. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey Jr

Background imageUniversal Collection: Rollers for making bar iron: flat, square and plate iron

Rollers for making bar iron: flat, square and plate iron. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plan and elevation of an iron forge, 18th century

Plan and elevation of an iron forge, 18th century
Plan and elevation of an iron forge, with chafery, finery, blowing engine, and balling or pudding furnace. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey Jr

Background imageUniversal Collection: Balling furnace and finery used in iron manufacture

Balling furnace and finery used in iron manufacture
Sections and elevations of balling furnace and finery used in iron manufacture, along with tools and pump. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey from Abraham Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plans and elevations for a furnace, early 19th century

Plans and elevations for a furnace, early 19th century. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Diagrams of magnets, magnetic fields, magnetism

Diagrams of magnets, magnetic fields, magnetism experiments, etc. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman

Background imageUniversal Collection: Varieties of masonry for walls, ancient and modern

Varieties of masonry for walls, ancient and modern
Varieties of masonry for walls, including reticulated, incertain, isodomum, pseudisodomum with unequal courses, Roman emplection with core of rubble and Greek emplection

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dipping needle compass made by Edward Nairne, 1772

Dipping needle compass made by Edward Nairne, 1772
Dipping needle compass made by Edward Nairne for the Board of Longitude based on plans for the Reverend John Mitchell, Rector of Thornhill, 1772

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plans and views of magnetic compasses with dipping needles

Plans and views of magnetic compasses with dipping needles
Plans and views of magnetic compasses, including the dipping needle built by Dr. John Lorimer (1732-1795), surgeon, mathematician, politician and cartographer

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plans and views of a magnetic variation compass

Plans and views of a magnetic variation compass, early 19th century. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plans and views of magnetic compasses

Plans and views of magnetic compasses, including one nautical compass set on a gyroscope. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by John Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plans and views of a variety of magnetic compasses

Plans and views of a variety of magnetic compasses. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman, Hurst, Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: Geological sections and plan of a coal mine

Geological sections and plan of a coal mine
Plan of a coal mine and mode of ventilation, 19th century. Geological sections of metallic veins, chalk, basalt, and limestone

Background imageUniversal Collection: Henry Maudslays revolutionary screw-cutting lathe, 1800

Henry Maudslays revolutionary screw-cutting lathe, 1800. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Oil lamps, including hydro-pneumatic and automaton lamps

Oil lamps, including hydro-pneumatic and automaton lamps
Oil lamps, including the hydro-pneumatic lamp designed by R. W. King, Bartons oil lamp, and John Porters automaton lamp. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Mill for tilting steel designed by John Smeaton

Mill for tilting steel designed by John Smeaton, early 19th century. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Steel-converting furnace and mould for crucible manufacture

Steel-converting furnace and mould for crucible manufacture. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Winches, pulleys and other machinery, early 19th century

Winches, pulleys and other machinery, early 19th century. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Machines for casting and drawing lead pipes

Machines for casting and drawing lead pipes. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Pile-driving and drawing machinery

Pile-driving and drawing machinery
Charles Valoues pile-driving machine used at Westminster Bridge 1739 and Joseph Bramahs pile-drawing machine. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Mill for grinding colour paints

Mill for grinding colour paints. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman

Background imageUniversal Collection: Friction and fulling mill for scouring cloth

Friction and fulling mill for scouring cloth. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Fly press machinery

Fly press machinery. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman, Hurst, Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: Expanding riggers invented by A. Flint and Mr. Farey

Expanding riggers invented by A. Flint and Mr. Farey. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dynamometers designed by McDougale and Robert Salmon

Dynamometers designed by McDougale and Robert Salmon
Dynamometers for measuring force or torque designed by McDougale and Robert Salmon. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Mechanical drills and drilling machines

Mechanical drills and drilling machines. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey Jr. from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Mr. Dixons machine for boring cylinders at

Mr. Dixons machine for boring cylinders at the Falcon Iron Foundry. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey Jr

Background imageUniversal Collection: John Smeatons crane for the wool quay, Custom House, London

John Smeatons crane for the wool quay, Custom House, London
Overhead view and elevation of John Smeatons design for a crane for the wool quay, Custom House, London, 1789. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Comb-making machinery

Comb-making machinery. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman, Hurst, Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: Different types of chains and clay mills

Different types of chains and clay mills. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey Jr. from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Centrifugal machine and centrobaryc method

Centrifugal machine and centrobaryc method. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman, Hurst, Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: File cutting equipment and various filters

File cutting equipment and various filters. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: Fire escape, painters easel and indigo mills

Fire escape, painters easel and indigo mills
Daniel Maseres original suspension pulley and fire escape machine simplified by Mr. Forster, painters easel and indigo mills. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Timothy Marshals lock and candle extinguishers

Timothy Marshals lock and candle extinguishers
Marquis of Worcester Timothy Marshals secret escutcheon for a lock, and self-acting candle extinguishers including John Isaac Hawkins. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dramatic machinery for a theatre set including

Dramatic machinery for a theatre set including flying carriage, boat on moving waves, flats, etc. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dramatic machinery for a theatre

Dramatic machinery for a theatre set. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature, Longman, Hurst, Rees

Background imageUniversal Collection: Dividing and cutting engines with diagonal motion

Dividing and cutting engines with diagonal motion. Copperplate engraving by Duncan after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: John Isaac Hawkins patent polygraph machine or autopen

John Isaac Hawkins patent polygraph machine or autopen. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey Jr

Background imageUniversal Collection: Plate coinage equipment and copying machines

Plate coinage equipment and copying machines. Copperplate engraving by Wilson Lowry after a drawing by J. Farey from Abraham Rees Cyclopedia or Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature

Background imageUniversal Collection: George Smarts chimney cleansing machine

George Smarts chimney cleansing machine
Miscellany: equipment for button-making, glazing cloth, gun flints, George Smarts chimney cleansing machine, and crystallography



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