Czech Republic - Sokol Rally in Prague 1920s
A rally to promoting public exercise as a way to stimulate national self importance (through organised gymnastic and athletic demonstrations - usually mass-participation). Sokol was founded on the philosophy that a physically fit, mentally alert and culturally developed people can make a nation strong. The word "sokol" translates to falcon and is symbolic of the Sokol ideals: Courage, Strength, Endurance, Fraternalism, Love of democratic principles, and Pride in country. Miroslav Tyrs (1832 -1884) (depicted in the centre) was a key exponent of this approach and is duly being honoured by the ranks of passing Sokol participants. Tyrs believed that a nation must be physically fit, morally on a high plane and intelligent in order to secure independence and retain it. Elevated to Doctor of Philosophy at Charles University and a member of the Education Staff of Rieger's Encyclopedia, Tyrs formulated his Sokol plan, creating an entirely new gymnastic terminology. The next twenty years of his life were devoted to Sokol. He was the first Physical Director, editor of the Sokol paper and creator of calisthenics and exercises, placing the whole system on a firm scientific basis. Between the First and Second World Wars the organisation grew to have a million members. The Sokol programmes were organised to have mass appeal across all strata of Czech society and across all age grous."
© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection
Calthorpe Racing Car
1908 Tourist Trophy Race, 24th Sept, Calthorpe 4-cylinder racing car. Known as the 'Four Inch Race' because that was the maximum size of cylinder bore allowed for entry. Race heId on Isle of Man. Driver of Car No.11 is Leslie Porter, 'Ireland's pioneer racing driver' who finished 4th.
© Mary Evans/Michael Cole Automobilia Collection
Anti-Suffrage Cartoon 1912 Demonstration
Depicts Mrs. Pankhurst on horseback attempting to storm the 'Bastille', a reference to the Votes for Women Rally, held 14th July 1912, organised by the W.S.P.U. 'The scarlet cap (atop the flag poles) symbolised so strikingly the spirit of the gathering'. Note Flora Drummond in the foreground with a drum. Date: 1912
© The March of the Women Collection/Mary Evans Picture Library