The Xinhai Revolution
The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC) (note - not the Reading Ornithological Club). Featured as inset portraits of: Huang Xing or Huang Hsing (18741916) - Chinese revolutionary leader and politician, and the first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China. As one of the founders of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Republic of China, his position was second only to Sun Yat-sen. Together they were known as Sun-Huang during the Xinhai Revolution.To his right is Li Yuanhong (18641928), a Chinese politician during the Qing dynasty and the republican era. He was three times President of the Republic of China. When the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 broke out, the Wuchang mutineers needed a visible high-ranking officer to be their figurehead. Li was well respected, had supported the Railway Protection Movement, and knew English, which would be useful in dealing with foreign concerns. This card also depicts the Guangdong Navy agreeing to support the revolution and the capture of Nanking on the 2nd December, 1911 by the revolutionaries after the Battle of Nanking. Date: 1911
A Mandarin (magistrate) of the Fifth Class
A Mandarin (magistrate) of the Fifth Class going to court in full dress, Qing Dynasty China. Robe with an embroidered square indicating his rank. Handcoloured copperplate engraving by Andrea Freschi after Antoine Cardon from Henri-Leonard-Jean-Baptiste Bertin and Jean Baptiste Joseph Breton's China, Its Costumes, Arts, Manufactures, etc. Howlett and Brimmer, London, 1824. Date:
© Florilegius/Mary Evans
French spoils from China exhibited at Tuileries, 1861
French spoils from China recently exhibited at the Palace of the Tuileries. Treasures and valuable objects sent home from the Summer Palace as a present to Napoleon III, the Emperor of France by the French expeditionary army, after the Second Opium War which pitted the British and French Empires against the Qing dynasty of China. The main figure in the image represents the Chinese Emperor's war costume and above his head the crown of ceremony. Also depicted are a selection of arms, a pagoda, a perfume jar and a Chinese dragon in gilt copper.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans