Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon
Jeremy Bentham's proposed 'panopticon' workhouse or 'industry house' for up to 2000 inmates. The scheme, published in Bentham's 1812 work 'Pauper Management Improved', was originally devised for housing prisoners. It comprised a 'ring doughnut' shaped building with a central control post. Date: 1812
© Mary Evans/Peter Higginbotham Collection
Presidio Modelo Prison, Isla de Pinos, Cuba
General view of the Presidio Modelo Prison on the Isla de Pinos (Isle of Pines), Cuba, now renamed Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth). The prison was designed using the panopticon principle promoted by Jeremy Bentham. It was built between 1926 and 1931, and held 6000 prisoners. Cells are arranged around each block's circular perimeter, with an observation point placed at the centre. The site is now a museum.
© Mary Evans / Peter Higginbotham Collection