Three cockle women of Pembrokeshire, South Wales
Three cockle women of South Wales, in a posed photograph. They are probably from the coastal village of Llangwm, near Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Dyfed, South Wales. Llangwm cockle women habitually walked their wares to markets and fairs, often as far afield as Carmarthen.
© Mary Evans / Roger Worsley Archive
Basket, Baskets, Coastal, Cockle, Conditions, Costume, Dyfed, Fairs, Fishing, Gatherer, Gatherers, Gathering, Hat, Hats, Haverfordwest, Historical, History, Llangwm, Markets, Pembrokeshire, Posed, Posing, South, Trade, Traditional, Village, Wales, Walked, Welsh, Woman, Women, Work, Working
The Stratford-on-Avon Mops
The two Statute of Mop Fairs in Stratford-on-Avon are held on the day after Michaelmas Day and the second Friday in October - their institution dates back to the days of Richard I, and there is no doubt that Shakespeare attended them, took part in the games and tasted the ox-roasts turned on spits in temporary brick fire places in the streets. A "mop" is a statute fair for the hiring of domestic servants and farm labourers, and contracts made were binding for one year: the word "mop" derives from the old custom of maid-servants bringing their badge of office with them to the fairs. The men and women hired at these fairs were called Johnnies and Mollies. The old "fairings", that is large sticks of sweets, generally cinnamon or peppermint flavouring, appear on the brightly-lighted stalls.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans
Stagshaw Bank Fair - Corbridge, Northumberland
Michael Jones reading the rules of the Stagshaw Bank Fair at the Market Cross, Corbridge on Tyne, Northumberland. The Fair, traditionally held on 4th July, was one of the most famous of the country fairs. It included a huge sale of stock, and was proclaimed each year by the bailiff to the Duke of Northumberland. Today the Northumberland County Show, an agricultural event, is held in the fields outside Corbridge each year, a very popular rural event, drawing people from all over Northumberland as well as further afield. It is interesting the card (from 1904) has been annotated (by the sender) with the specific names of the participants and even the pub! The reverse message bemoans the dwindling numbers attending the fair noting "the marts is spoiling the fairs" ! Date: 1904
© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection