Man in the Iron Mask, playing the cello in prison
There are conflicting theories as to who this man was. One is that he was Count Ercole Antonio Mattioli (Matthioli or Marchioly, 1640-1703), an Italian diplomat, arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669, imprisoned by Louis XIV for 34 years, who died in the Bastille. Another theory, according to Voltaire, is that he was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV -- this later formed part of Alexandre Dumas' Three Musketeers saga, in which the man is Louis' twin brother.
© Mary Evans Picture Library
Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727); VOLTAIRE, Franzois-Marie Arou
Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727); VOLTAIRE, Franois-Marie Arouet, also known as (1694-1778). English mathematician, physicist and astronomer.
© Mary Evans/AISA Media
1642, 1694, 1727, 1778, Aisa, Arou, Arouet, Astronomer, English, Franois, Franzois, Historical, History, Import, Isaac, Marie, Mathematician, Newton, Physicist, Sir, Voltaire
The Burning of the Guillotine on the Place Voltaire; Paris C
Illustration showing the Communards burning a guillotine in the Place Voltaire, during the Paris Commune of 1871. The Communards burned or destroyed a number of symbols of power in Paris, including the Vendome Column, the Tuileries, Palais de Justice, Palais Royale and the Hotel de Ville. Date: 1871
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans