LCC-LFB, Cannon Street fire station, City of London
The Cannon Street fire station was opened in 1906. Seen here is the appliance room. Fire brigade horses were by now being replaced by motorised fire appliances, but the stalls for the horses which pulled the horse drawn turntable ladder can be seen behind the electric-driven escape van. The batteries for this escape-van were stored under the engine's bonnet and the fire engine weighed about two tons. The power driven pump and pump-escape and horse drawn turntable ladder await the next call.
© London Fire Brigade / Mary Evans Picture Library
Ox roasting at Stratford-upon-Avon Mop Fair
Scene showing an ox being roasted at the Stratford upon Avon annual Mop Fair, Warwickshire. Farm workers, labourers, servants and some craftsmen would work for their employer from October to October. At the end of the employment they would attend the Mop Fair dressed in their Sunday best clothes and carrying an item signifying their trade. A servant with no particular skills would carry a mop head hence the term Mop Fair. Employers would move amongst them discussing experience and terms, and once agreement was reached the employer would give the employee a small token of money and the employee would wear bright ribbons to indicate that they had been hired. The stalls at the fair sold food and drink, while others offered games to play.
© Mary Evans Picture Library/The Pete Frost Collection
The Stratford-on-Avon Mops
The two Statute of Mop Fairs in Stratford-on-Avon are held on the day after Michaelmas Day and the second Friday in October - their institution dates back to the days of Richard I, and there is no doubt that Shakespeare attended them, took part in the games and tasted the ox-roasts turned on spits in temporary brick fire places in the streets. A "mop" is a statute fair for the hiring of domestic servants and farm labourers, and contracts made were binding for one year: the word "mop" derives from the old custom of maid-servants bringing their badge of office with them to the fairs. The men and women hired at these fairs were called Johnnies and Mollies. The old "fairings", that is large sticks of sweets, generally cinnamon or peppermint flavouring, appear on the brightly-lighted stalls.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans