Sphere cover - East Coast bombardments, Hartlepool chapel
The bombardment of the East Coast - the scene outside a Hartlepool Baptist Chapel. Scene painted by Fortunino Matania based on a sketch by fellow Sphere artist, G. H. Davis, showing the shelling of Hartlepool by German battle cruisers on the morning of 16 December 1914. The caption gives the following description: A shell coming from the sea hit the Baptist Chapel, smashing in a large portion of the upper part of the building; it then went clean through the building, hurtling into the roadway, from which it rebounded and crashed through the first-floor bedroom of the house, seen on the extreme right, killing a woman. As the shell hit the chapel, causing a haze of dust, men and women came rushing from all the houses around. One woman was struck down and fell forwards on to the road; a Territorial who rushed to her assistance had his rifle blown out of his hand. The scene outside the bombarded chapel was piteous in the extreme; all the windows were broken; the walls were bespattered with plaster, and masses of concrete were piled up within the railings of the chapel. Date: 1914
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans
Carrie Nation, the Saloon Smasher
Carrie Nation (1846-1911), American temperance campaigner known as the Saloon Smasher because of her use of vandalism to get her views across -- she would generally enter a saloon and attack the bar with a hatchet. She described herself as "a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn't like," and claimed that God had commanded her to promote temperance by smashing up bars. Seen here with her hatchet in one hand and a bottle (no doubt of alcohol) in the other.
© Mary Evans Picture Library