The 'Enterprise' and 'Investigator' surrounded by ice, Barro
Engraving showing the 'Enterprise' and 'Investigator' surrounded by pack ice in Barrow's Straits, September 1849. These two ships were used by Sir James Clark Ross's Expedition of 1848-1849 to search the Arctic for signs of Sir John Franklin's ill-fated Arctic expedition of 1845. In 1845 the British Admiralty sent two polar exploration ships, HMS 'Erebus' and HMS 'Terror', to look for the Northwest passage round the northern coast of Canada. The expedition, commanded by Sir John Franklin, disappeared from view late in 1845 and none of the men were ever seen again. In fact the ships made it to the King William Island region, then got stuck in the ice. With supplies running out the surviving crew abandoned ship and headed south. However, none made it to safety and it is assumed all died from disease, exposure or starvation. From 1848 onwards a number of relief expeditions were sent to find Franklin, but it was only in 1859 that Francis Leopold McClintock was able to confirm Franklin's fate.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans
A Saint Bernard rescue dog with two priests, Switzerland
A St. Bernard Dog with two priests - Switzerland. The earliest written records of the St. Bernard breed are from monks at the hospice at the Great St. Bernard Pass in 1707, with paintings and drawings of the dog dating even earlier. The dogs never received any special rescue training from the monks. Instead, younger dogs would learn how to perform search and rescue operations from older dogs. The name "St. Bernard" originates from the Great and Little St. Bernard Hospice two traveller's hospices on the often treacherous Great and Little St. Bernard Passes in the Western Alps. Date: circa 1930s
© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection
RAF 22 Squadron Search and Rescue helicopters
Two helicopters belonging to the No. 22 Squadron, Royal Air Force Search and Rescue, based at Thorney Island near Chichester, West Sussex. Set up in 1955, the squadron was responsible for sea and land rescues over a range of 60 nautical miles. The crew of each helicopter comprised a pilot, a navigator and a crewman.
© Mary Evans Picture Library/DAVID LEWIS HODGSON