King James I knights a tasty loin of beef - Arise Sir Loin
King James I knights a tasty loin of beef at Hoghton Tower, near Preston, Lancashire, in 1617. Historians are somewhat unsurpringly divided as to the likelihood and validity of this tale. A number of legends claim the naming of the 'sirloin' cut from it being 'knighted' by a monarch, although it is variously ascribed to Henry VIII, Elizabeth I and James I. According to the Lancashire tradition, James I drew his short sword and told the Hoghton Tower pages to bring the beef to him. They went down on their knees and the king said "Arise, Sir Loin." Date: 1617
© The Russell Butcher Collection / Mary Evans Picture Library
Sir Joseph Wilson Swan (1828-1914), English chemist, inventor and industrialist. As well as inventing the dry plate photographic process, he gave his first successful demonstration of a light bulb in 1879. Within four years he was manufacturing 10, 000 lamp bulbs a week, and in 1883, he amalgamated his business with Thomas Alva Edison to form the Edison and Swan Electric Company. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1874 and was knighted in 1904.
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans