Man in the Iron Mask, playing the cello in prison
There are conflicting theories as to who this man was. One is that he was Count Ercole Antonio Mattioli (Matthioli or Marchioly, 1640-1703), an Italian diplomat, arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669, imprisoned by Louis XIV for 34 years, who died in the Bastille. Another theory, according to Voltaire, is that he was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV -- this later formed part of Alexandre Dumas' Three Musketeers saga, in which the man is Louis' twin brother.
© Mary Evans Picture Library
She'll be Queen Yet
Impression of Edward, Duke of Kent showing off his baby daughter, Alexandrine Victoria, later Queen Victoria. After the death of King George IV, his brother, King William IV, succeeded the throne but remained childless. There was a very public race among the remaining sons of George III to marry and produce a legitimate heir (many had mistresses and countless illegitimate children). First past the post was the Duke of Kent who married the widowed HSH Marie Luise Victoire of Saxe-Coburg.
© TP Archive/ILN/Mary Evans Picture Library