Mycenae - the Lion Gate
The Lion Gate at Mycenae. This early citadel was extensively excavated in the mid 19th century by Schliemann, who dug the Royal shaft graves, finding many treasures.
© Mary Evans Picture Library
1880, 19th, Archaeology, Century, Circa, Citadel, Door Way, Dug, Early, Entrance, Excavated, Extensively, Finding, Gate, Graves, Greece, Historical, History, Lintel, Lion, Mid, Mycenae, Royal, Schliemann, Shaft, Statues, Stone Work, Treasures, Who
Exotic Eastern Woman - Citadel, Tombs of Mamluks, Cairo
Composite photographic postcard showing an illustration of an exotic Eastern woman set before a skyline showing the Citadel and Tombs of the Mamluks, Cairo, Egypt. A mamluk was a slave soldier who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid sultans from the 9th to the 13th centuries. They were mainly Kipchak Turks. While Mamluks were purchased, their status was above ordinary slaves, who were not allowed to carry weapons or perform certain tasks. Mamluks were considered to be true lords, with social status above freeborn Egyptians. Over time, they became a powerful military caste often defeating the Crusaders. On more than one occasion, they seized power for themselves; for example, ruling Egypt in the Mamluk Dynasty from 12501517. Date: 1907
© Mary Evans / Grenville Collins Postcard Collection
Arles, France - exterior of the Roman amphitheatre
The Arles Roman Amphitheatre, built in 90AD, could hold more than 20, 000 spectators. In the Middle Ages four towers, like the one shown here, were added to the arena and it became a citadel protecting 200 houses, chapels and a public square.
© The Roseries Collection / Mary Evans Picture Library
1910s, Amphitheatre, Amphitheatres, Arch, Arches, Architecture, Arena, Arenas, Arles, Citadel, Citadelle, Citadels, Classical, Empire, Fortress, France, French, Heritage, Historical, Pilaster, Pilasters, Roman, Ruin, Ruins, Tower, Towers