Romans in Britain 54Bc
Following his preliminary expedition of 55 BC, Julius Caesar and his 5 Roman legions (25, 000 men) and 2, 000 cavalry land again in Britain between Deal and Dover.
© Mary Evans Picture Library/Edwin Mullan Collection
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Caractacus before Claudius
Caractacus before Claudius. Caractacus was a British King who fought against the Roman invaders. The Romans won the battle by ambushing the Britons, capturing Caractacus's wife, daughter and brother. Caractacus sought the protection of Cartimandua, Queen of the Brigantes, but he was betrayed and she sent him, in chains, to Rome where he faced the Emperor Claudius. Whilst being led to the Emperor, Caractacus was impressed by the beauty of Rome, sentiments he passed on to Claudius along with his surprise that Claudius wanted to capture Britain, which was so poor compared to the greatest city in the world. Claudius was so flattered and taken aback at this bravery that he granted Caractacus his freedom.
circa 50 AD
© Mary Evans Picture Library
Augustus, (63 B.C.-14 D.C.). First emperor of the Roman Empi
Augustus, (63 B.C.-14 D.C.). First emperor of the Roman Empire. Augustus of Prima Porta. White marble statue. 1st century. Detail of the breastplate carved in relief depicting the return of the Roman legionary eagles lost to Parthis by Mark Anthony (40s B.C.) and by Crassus (53 B.C.). Braccio Nuovo. Chiaramonti Museum. Vatican Museum. Vatican City.
© Thaliastock / Mary Evans